It was built by the Belz Hasidic community with financial help from its supporters and admirers around the world.
In the 1980s, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach, the fifth Belzer Rebbe, spearheaded plans for the huge synagogue to be erected in the Kiryat Belz neighborhood of Jerusalem. The building, would be an enlarged replica of the structure that the first Belzer Rebbe, built in the town of Belz in 1843.
Like the original synagogue, which took 15 years to complete, the new Belz synagogue that now dominates the northern Jerusalem skyline also took 15 years to construct. It was dedicated in 2000. Its main sanctuary seats 10,000 worshippers. The ornate wooden ark, an item for the Guinness Book of Records, is 12 meters high and weighs 18 tons. It has the capacity to hold 70 Torah scrolls. Nine chandeliers, each standing at 18 feet high and 11 feet wide, each contain over 200,000 pieces of Czech crystal.